Dame Annie Jean Macnamara, DBE (1 April 1899 – thirteen October 1968) used to be an Australian clinical health practitioner and scientist, excellent recognized for her contributions to children’s fitness and welfare. She was once honored as Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1935.
Her specialism in orthopedics led her to devise new approaches to splint unique components of the body, and she endorsed new strategies for the care of disabled people, specially children. She was once invited to the White House to meet President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had been paralyzed via polio himself.
EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION
Annie Jean Macnamara used to be born on 1 April 1899 to John and Annie Jean Macnamara in Beechworth, Victoria. Her household moved to Melbourne when she used to be seven and she attended Spring Road State School. She obtained a scholarship to find out about at the Presbyterian Ladies’ College. She entered the University of Melbourne at age 17, she graduated M.B. and B.S. in 1922; different outstanding Australians who additionally graduated in her type blanketed Kate Isabel Campbell, Lucy Meredith Bryce, Jean Littlejohn and Frank Macfarlane Burnet.
Following commencement Annie Jean Macnamara grew to become a resident scientific officer at the Royal Melbourne Hospital. In 1923, Macnamara grew to be a resident medical doctor at the Royal Children’s Hospital in Melbourne. Hospital authorities had at first been reluctant to appoint her on the grounds that it had no loo amenities for female doctors. During her time at the Children’s Hospital there used to be a polio outbreak, she and Burnet show that there was once greater than one stress of the virus, a truth that would be essential in the later improvement of the Salk vaccine. Between 1925 and 1931 she used to be marketing consultant and scientific officer accountable to the Poliomyelitis Committee of Victoria, and between 1930 and 1931 used to be honorary adviser on polio to legitimate authorities in New South Wales, South Australia and Tasmania.
In 1931, she obtained a Rockefeller Fellowship to tour to England and United States to learn about orthopaedics. When she again to Australia in 1934 she married dermatologist Joseph Ivan Connor, and they had two daughters, Joan and Merran. She carried out a profitable orthopaedic work, and for this contribution was once create DBE in 1935. Although she was once reflect onconsideration on the most important Australian authority on the cure of poliomyelitis, she proceed to recommen the use of convalescent serum and splinting to immobilise limbs lengthy after these remedies have been abandone in America.
In the 1930s, she inspired the Australian authorities to trial the myxoma virus to fight the Australian rabbit plague. Although trials have been firstly unsuccessful, she lobbied that they be continue, and when the virus grew to be epizootic in 1951, the mosquito vector unfold the virus amongst rabbits, inflicting the profitable discount of wild rabbit numbers.
DEATH AND LEGACY
Macnamara died at the age of sixty nine from cardiovascular disorder in 1968.
Seven different Australian scientific scientists have been commemorate in the problem of a set of 4 Australian stamps launch in 1995. She seems on the forty five cent stamp with fellow University of Melbourne graduate, Frank Macfarlane Burnet.
In 2018, the Australian Electoral Commission renamed the federal electoral division of Melbourne Ports to Macnamara in her honour.
A suburb of Canberra was once identify Macnamara, Australian Capital Territory in commemoration of Jean Macnamara. Macnamara Place, in the Canberra suburb of Chisholm, is additionally title in her honour.
AWARDS AND HONOURS
1935, Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Intro: Australian scientific medical doctor and scientist
A.K.A: Annie Jean Macnamara
Was: Physician Medical researcher Surgeon Orthopedic health care provider Scientist
Type Healthcare Science
Gender : Female
Birth: 1 April 1899, Beechworth, Victoria, Australia
Death: thirteen October 1968, South Yarra, Victoria, Australia (aged sixty nine years)
Star sign: Aries
Stats: Height:152 cm
Education: University of Melbourne Presbyterian Ladies’ College, Melbourne
Awards: Victorian Honour Roll of Women2001 Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Peoplepill ID: jean-macnamara